The vaginal discharge early in pregnancy, or more precisely, the changes in the vaginal secretions that you are experiencing literally from the first weeks after conception, belong to the group of the first signs of pregnancy. If you have been attentive to alterations in your vaginal discharge, conditioned by the different phases of the menstrual cycle, it will be easy for you to realize that shortly after conception the cervical mucus has changed in quantity and character. Is this normal or is it considered an alarming type of flow? Let’s see.
Vaginal discharge during pregnancy: how should it be?
In the beginning of pregnancy some women report that their vaginal discharge becomes more abundant, while others do not notice changes in the amount. If your vaginal discharge is whitish or slightly yellowish, without a specific smell and that does not cause irritation, there is nothing to worry about. Why this flow may differ from what it was before? When pregnancy occurs, the level of estrogen and progesterone in your body begins to rise. As a result, hormones cause certain changes in the way the body functions during this specific period. The flow of blood to different tissues of the body, including the tissues of the vagina, for example, increases. To protect the fetus the vaginal walls are getting thicker and the cervix works in the production of the mucous plug.
The first trimester is characterized by a high content of progesterone, which allows the preservation and development of the fetus early in pregnancy. During this period the expectant mother remains similar to the 2nd phase of the menstrual cycle according to the character of her vaginal discharge. Most women in the first trimester have a cloudy and thick vaginal discharge.
From 7-10 days after conception and about 1 week before menstruation, there may be a scarce vaginal discharge, with some blood mixture. This type of spots is associated with the implantation of the fertilized ovum in the uterus. The lining of the uterine lining is coming off under the influence of progesterone. Being generously supplied with a wide network of blood vessels, it may be slightly damaged at the time of embryo implantation. Implantation staining does not cause any pain and can last up to 48 hours.
Unexpected changes in the amount, color or odor of the flow should be reported to the gynecologist as soon as possible. These are usually associated with different pathologies.
Secretion with blood. Any bleeding during early pregnancy, with the exception of implantation spots, should alarm a pregnant woman and urge her to contact a doctor. As a rule, red or brown discharge can be a symptom of miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy. The intensity of the bleeding can vary from spots to abundant bloody discharge, which can be accompanied by severe pelvic pain, nausea and loss of appetite. A less dangerous scenario is associated with cervical erosion, which is characterized by contact bleeding, for example, a postcoital bloody discharge.
White flow with lumps. Vaginal secretions with lumps, similar to cottage cheese, are a symptom of vaginal candidiasis. Unfortunately, it is a frequent companion of pregnant women. The moist and warm environment with abundant vaginal discharge in early pregnancy creates favorable conditions for the spread of fungal infections. Expectant mothers are disturbed by irritation and itching in the vulvovaginal area, which intensifies at night, after sex, in the shower or during physical activities. If you are presenting these symptoms so annoying in pregnancy do not postpone your visit to the gynecologist.
Yellowish vaginal discharge. Here we refer to the yellowish flow with an unpleasant smell that usually indicates the beginning or worsening of an inflammatory process in the maternal interior or its appendages. These are very serious conditions, since they can represent a threat to the development of pregnancy. Timely anti-inflammatory therapy helps preserve pregnancy in these cases.
Sparkling and abundant flow. It may have a grayish, yellowish or greenish tone and look like pus. An unpleasant and itchy smell are very frequent accompanying symptoms. This type of vaginal discharge is typical of sexually transmitted infections. In pregnant women with sexually transmitted diseases the situation is even more complicated than usual because there must be a strict selection of drugs that do not harm the development of the fetus. In any case, a diagnosis and treatment is required.
Other causes that produce changes in the vaginal discharge during pregnancy